The Great Pyramids of Giza, built about 4,500 years ago. They became a symbol of ancient Egypt. Cheops, first pyramid weighs an estimated 6 million tons. It was the tallest building in the world until the 12th century The great pyramids of Giza were covered in limestone and marble and the peak was covered in gold.
The Great Sphinx, a limestone statue with a lion’s body and a pharaoh’s head. It stands to protect the entire tomb complex of the pharaoh.
The pharaohs of Egypt expected to become spirits in the afterlife to prepare for the next world. They built the temples to the Gods and huge pyramidal tombs for themselves. The Pharaohs filled the tombs with all the things each ruler would need in the next world.
They chose to build in the Great Pyramids of Giza in this privileged location on the Giza plateau in Egypt due to its height above the level of the Nile. To prevent water from reaching the tombs during the flood season.
The pyramid is part of a larger complex that includes pyramids for smaller queens, an additional pyramid that served as a symbolic second tomb for the king. A terraced tombs for nobles and other family members. An actual boat burial and a pair of temples linked by a bridge. One of these temples, called the Valley Temple, is located near a body of water where boats could anchor. The other temple stands near the base of the pyramid. Priests maintained the funeral worship of the deceased king in these temples. Rich offerings made to his soul so that he could enjoy a peaceful afterlife.
The building of the Great Pyramids of Giza is such a remarkable achievement of ancient engineering that marvels everyone until modern day.